Rio + 20 Roadmap update
In July 2011, Mercy International Association introduced its Rio + 20 Roadmap. From that you learned MIA would participate in an important Rio + 20 preparatory meeting: The UN Regional Preparatory Meeting for Latin America and the Caribbean.
At the September 2011 regional meeting, Ana Siufi, RSM, (CCASA, Sisters of Mercy of the Americas) and Margaret Milne, RSM, (Chile and Sisters of Mercy New Zealand) represented MIA. The purpose of the meeting was to prepare for the United Nations 2012 Earth Summit Conference on Sustainable Development.
Sustainable Development Questionnaire
Build up to the recent meeting included a sustainable development questionnaire. To obtain Mercy’s grassroots perspective on the progress and gaps in its sustainable development agenda, MIA invited some Sisters and Associates in Latin America and the Caribbean to participate. Responses from regions of Peru, Argentina, Panama and Honduras highlighted particular gaps and opportunities.
Gaps in Sustainable Development
- People, especially those in rural communities, have disproportionate or limited access to water and sanitation, energy, land and food security.
- Privatization of services, the running of public services for profit-making, penalizes the impoverished.
- The right to water and the rights of indigenous peoples are routinely threatened.
- Land and natural resources are commonly exploited by foreign governments, ruling elite and investors, resulting in the abuse of labor practices, environmental degradation and violation of basic human rights.
- Rising inequality and the gap between the country’s elite and its impoverished continues to enable and promote economic growth that benefits the wealthy and penalizes the poor.
Opportunities in Sustainable Development
- Stop exploitation of natural resources, including pollution of water sources, degradation of the earth and violations of basic human rights.
- Hold corporations accountable for their negative ecological, financial and social impact on communities.
- Invest in agroecology and small farmers, enabling agrarian reform and access to affordable loans for farmers.
- Create an effective forum for people to participate in decisions that affect their communities.
- Provide access for all to clean water, sanitation and energy.
- Prohibit for-profit sale of water to the community by the government, the country’s elite or transnational corporations.
- Prioritize poverty eradication through sustainable development.
- Implement and monitor government commitments to sustainable development.
- Finance environmental development, adaptation and mitigation, including access to green technologies in accordance with the “polluter pays principle.”
Results of the sustainable development questionnaire informed the talking points on sustainable development, green economy and global governance that MIA prepared for the UN Preparatory Meeting of Latin America and the Caribbean.
Regional Capacity Building Workshop for Major Groups
One day prior to the official UN meeting, Srs. Ana and Margaret participated in a workshop to maximize the capacity of major groups (major groups include NGOs, such as MIA at the UN) and other stakeholders to participate fully in the UN Regional Preparatory Meeting. Workshop participants had opportunity to learn more about the themes of the 2012 Earth Summit as well as opportunity to work out various major group position statements to engage Member States at meeting.
Srs. Margaret and Ana reflected on the workshop benefits.
“It was very important to be present at the Capacity Building Meeting in order to discover and understand the dynamic of how the Regional Meeting functions and how best to participate in it,” remarked Sr. Ana. “Not having previous experiences at this level had its own drawbacks and we were aware of our lack of experience. It was necessary to listen carefully, to be alert, and to be able to react quickly when there was an opportunity to speak, to be careful and prepared to take risks.”
“This experience was informative and clearly presented,” said Sr. Margaret. “It reinforced the importance Civil Society has to voice concerns that are deep and outstanding. This voice is a first time opportunity that cannot be taken for granted.”
UN Regional Preparatory Meeting for Latin America and the Caribbean
For two days, government representatives and major group participants from Latin America and the Caribbean explored themes of sustainable development, poverty eradication, the green economy, and the institutional framework for global governance. At the end of the meeting, they formulated their conclusions.
The MIA position brought to the meeting is highlighted as follows:
- Sustainable Development
- Development must be equitable and sustainable. Its efficacy is defined by the integration of its social, economic and environmental pillars. It must focus on
- poverty eradication
- long-term versus short-term gains
- an ecologically sustainable approach to development
- a just and socially inclusive green economic pathway to development
The limitless growth and production model of development must be abandoned.
MIA supports a just Green Economy that:
- reflects an integration of the environmental, social and economic pillars of sustainable development;
- places equity of access to green technology, jobs and practices for developing countries over green capitalism, which could disproportionately benefit developed countries and transnational corporations;
- ensures green economic finance for developing countries, in accordance with the polluter pays principle.
Srs. Margaret and Ana offered the following impressions of the meeting.
Meeting participants recognized that although Latin America is rich in natural resources, the gap between the rich and the poor is undeniable. It is this inequality that mandates the need for a new approach to sustainable development.
Disagreement and criticism surfaced at the meeting around the term, its meaning and emphasis on the Green Economy. Many present considered Green Economy more a North American term than a South American term. It is noteworthy that the concluding document for the meeting did not mention the term Green Economy. In addition to that debate, participants’ concerns underscored the position that developed countries have a limited notion of sustainable development, relating primarily to economic and commercial pillars, ignoring social and environmental pillars.
Contributions made by Bolivia, Ecuador, Cuba, Uruguay, Jamaica, and Guyana, etc., were well received at the meeting. Representatives spoke about the rights of nature, sustainable development goals and institutional framework for sustainable development.
In order to give input as a major group at the 2012 UN sessions, good preparations are essential, as major groups are often allotted only 1-2 minutes speaking times during meetings. The informal discussions in the corridors, coffee/tea breaks and bathrooms were also very important. They provided opportunities to communicate with official delegates and civilian groups.
Although MIA was unable to find an opportunity at the meeting to formally raise the issue of mining abuses as an obstacle to sustainable development, it is noteworthy that the official conclusions of the UN preparatory meeting shared several of Mercy’s key sustainable development concerns, including the need to:
- achieve a balance between the social, environmental and economic pillars of sustainable development;
- eradicate poverty;
- place equity of access to green technology, jobs and practices for developing countries;
- ensure green economic finance for developing countries;
- promote the restoration of harmony with nature.
It is noteworthy that while the meeting’s concluding document acknowledges the need to reaffirm its “respect for the knowledge and traditional values of the region’s indigenous peoples and local and traditional communities,” it failed to emphasize the responsibility of governments to create forums for this to happen.
To read the Conclusions of the Latin American and Caribbean Regional Meeting Preparatory to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development and the interventions by major groups, click here
Finally, in relation to the UN Preparatory Meeting for Latin America and the Caribbean, Srs. Ana and Margaret held that despite the challenges surrounding the 2012 Earth Summit meeting, countries need to prepare themselves with sufficient discussion time for the 2012 Earth Summit agenda. Major groups need to be afforded more time to speak to the agenda of the Earth Summit. Sustainable Development must be for everyone. Peoples should benefit from the outcome.
Next Steps on the Road to Rio +20
MIA will be represented at the UN Preparatory Meeting for Europe (ECE) in December 2011. At this meeting, MIA will reinforce the need for the Earth Summit 2012 to reclaim and advance an ethical and inclusive global vision that:
- promotes a sustainable development model that integrates its economic, environmental, and social dimensions;
- ensures ecological and social integrity, and provides for the well-being of all peoples and Earth;
- awakens to and realizes our “responsibility to one another, to the greater community, and to future generations (Earth Charter).”